OLD TESTAMENT

Old Testament refers to the first part of the Christian Bible which basically consist of the Hebrew Bible. The second part being the New Testament. The old testament which consists of 41 distinct books has gradually been acquired from different writings from writers over a period of a few centuries. Traditionally, according to the Christian faith, these have been divided into four sections:

(1) Pentateuch or the first five books (Torah)

(2) the books referring to the history of the Israelites, from their conquest of Canaan to their defeat and exile in Babylon

(3) the set of scriptures dealing in various forms of questions about good and evil in the world- the ones that are poetic and referred to as “Wisdom books.”

(4) the books are discussing biblical prophets, describing the consequences of turning away from God.

Theme Depicted in the Old Testament

God is only and is the only creator of the world-this is the theme invariably depicted in the Bible. Further themes in the Old Testament include redemption, salvation, obedience and disobedience, divine judgment, obedience and disobedience, faith and faithfulness, among others. Throughout the scripture, a strong emphasis is placed on ethics and ritual purity, both of which is what God demands from us. Testament’s moral code enjoins intervention and fairness on behalf of the vulnerable, and the duty of those in power to administer justice righteously. It tells the mankind to stay away from murder, deceitful trading, bribery and corruption and many sexual misdemeanours. All morality is traced back to God, who is the source of all goodness.